SOMACLONAL VARIABILITY IN VITRO – SOURCE FOR CREATING NEW VARIETIES OF PLANTS
- The authors:
- Gvasaliya M. V.
- Page numbers:
- 113 - 120
- somatic mutations, somaclonal variability in vitro, somaclones, somaclonal variants, callus, gemogenesis, selective media.
Traditional selection enriched with a new high-tech method of creating raw material, based on tissues and plants organs cultivated in vitro. Genetic changes occurring in cultured vitro cells and regenerated from them plants allow improving existing varieties. Cultivating somatic cells in vitro extends the possibility of increasing the frequency and spectrum of mutations. Somaclonal variability, which is the source of useful genetic variations, will allow selecting in vitro new plant forms, with such valuable economic characteristics, as increased yield, high content of useful substances, resistance to stress factors.