Subtropical and ornamental horticulture
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INNOVATIVE APPROACHES TO TEA PLANT CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE CONDITIONS OF ADYGEA

Year:
2018
The authors:
Dobezhina S. V., Tuov M. T., Pritula Z. V., Pchikhachev E. K., Shishkhov M. B.
DOI:
10.31360/2225-3068-2018-66-145-153
Page numbers:
145 - 153
Keywords:
tea, productivity, qualitative indicators of tea, finely dispersed irrigation, snow cannon, water-air regime, foothills of Adygea.

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The paper describes research results concerning the effect of finely dispersed irrigation on yields, qualitative indices of tea leaves and water-air regime of tea plantations in the conditions of Adygea. As a new irrigation method, a snow-gun was used in the experiment (snow cannon). The research results showed high efficiency of finely dispersed watering on tea plantations: the yield of tea plantations increased by 33– 80 % in comparison to the control without watering (39.5 c/ha); biochemical indicators of tea raw materials quality were at a high level (tannin – 23 %, extractives – 41 %). With the help of finely dispersed irrigation, a favorable microclimate was created in the ecosystem of tea bushes: air temperature in a hot time of day decreased by 6–10 о C and was maintained in the optimum range for tea plant – 23–25 о С; air humidity increased by 15–30 % and remained in the range of 88–95 %; soil humidity was in the optimal values for the plant – 72.0–84.7 % from the rated value.
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