CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF CITRUS REPRESENTATIVES (LITERATURE REVIEW)
- The authors:
- Kuleshov A. S., Belous O. G.
- Page numbers:
- 108 - 116
- the genus Citrus, species, cultivars, chemical composition, biologically active substances, vitamins, phenolic compounds, essential oils, coumarins, nitrogenous compounds, minerals
Recently, it is becoming more and more popular to create demonstration sites, ecological gardens, and compositions using decorative phytoncidal fruit trees, including citrus plants. Citrus crops are able to synthesize and release a large number of biologically active organic substances, including a number of vitamins; phenolic compounds, many of which have R-vitamin activity. Citrus plants are characterized by a wide variety of essential oils, which are widely used to obtain natural perfumes, as well as flavoring ingredients in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Citrus peel contains coumarins, some of them, such as imperatorin and felopterin, are found only in lemon and lime. Citrus fruits contain pectolytic enzymes, which is the basis for the different resistance of individual species to physiological and parasitic diseases. Citrus plants are characterized by the presence of nitrogenous compounds and a large number of mineral substances, some of which are vital. All biochemical components of citrus plants vary widely and depend on soil and climatic conditions, certain cultivar, maturity, growing area and storage conditions of fruits. The collection of FSBSI “Russian Research Institute of Floriculture and Subtropical Crops” contains 136 citrus cultivar-samples, among which there are rare species and hybrid forms, so the study of biochemical characteristics for Citrus representatives will be of undoubted relevance.