Subtropical and ornamental horticulture
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RARE SPECIES OF CITRUS AND THEIR USE

Year:
2020
The authors:
Kuleshov A. S., Kulyan R. V.
DOI:
10.31360/2225-3068-2020-73-51-61
Page numbers:
51 - 61
Keywords:
the genus Citrus, species, cultivars, useful properties, ornamental qualities, distribution, use.

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Citrus plants are the most important fruit crops, their distribution takes one of the first places in the world, however, among the genus Citrus, many species have not received industrial significance due to their low yield, fruit quality, and winter hardiness and occupy small areas, but they are important for the perfume, confectionery and pharmaceutical industries. The collection of the Russian Research Institute of Floriculture and Subtropical Crops contains 136 citrus cultivar samples, among which there are rare species, cultivars and hybrid forms; such representatives of citrus as C. × bergamia, C. medica, C. maxima, C.× limetta, C.× aurantifolia, C. ichangensis, C. × limonelloides, C. × myrtifolia are of undoubted interest both for scientific purposes and for landscape, office and room decoration. There are three clearly differentiated markets in the world: fresh and processed fruits, the pharmaceutical market and the ornamental plant market, which is becoming increasingly important. Very popular are original species, cultivars or natural hybrids of citrus that have a high ornamental value and a large range of biologically active substances. The above described citrus representatives are distinguished by their unique decoration and will be able to give a refined look to the interior, at the same time contributing to the improvement of a space.
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