Subtropical and ornamental horticulture
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PRODUCTIVITY OF INTRODUCED PEACH CULTIVARS SUITABLE FOR EATING AND CANNING IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE LOWLAND COASTAL PLAIN OF DAGESTAN

Year:
2020
The authors:
Zagirov N. G., Ibragimov N. A.
DOI:
10.31360/2225-3068-2020-74-25-30
Page numbers:
25 - 30
Keywords:
lowland coastal plain, peach crop, introduced cultivars, fruit harvest, average mass, yield of plantations

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The purpose of this work is to study biological characteristics of peach cultivars suitable for eating and canning in modern climatic conditions, as well as to make their economic assessment with a view to introducing them into agricultural production in Southern Dagestan. External limiting factors of peach cultivars were studied according to the development phases; peach trees placement was assessed depending on the biological characteristics among cultivars and taking into account trees’ ages; biological features and economic and valuable traits of the introduced industrial peach cultivars were studied in the conditions of Southern Dagestan; some offers were worked out for optimal placement of peach cultivars in accordance with the ecological capabilities of cultivation micro-zones. The results can be used to optimize the placement of southern fruit crops in Southern Dagestan, as well as to analyze soil and climate conditions for existing plantations of southern fruit production. Soil-climatic and landscape-relief conditions of microzones in Southern Dagestan are the most favorable for stable fruiting in accordance with the agro-climatic requirements to peach crops. Peach yield was mainly influenced by weather conditions during the year and by environmental conditions of the location. Biological characteristics of cultivars are important when selecting cultivar composition for planting in the selected optimal environmental conditions, during natural fruit-bearing; suitable cultivars are those having the most stable fruitbearing qualities and a good yield, for example, ‘Zolotoy Jubiley’ cv. (246.4 c/ha).
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ISSN 2225-3068

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