GENETIC DIVERSITY OF TEA PLANTS (CAMELLIA SINENSIS (L.) KUNTZE) GROWING IN THE RUSSIAN HUMID SUBTROPICS
- The authors:
- Gvasaliya M. V.
- Page numbers:
- 28 - 34
- tea plant, industrial tea plantations, varieties of tea, breeding, cultivars, cultivars-populations, promising mutant forms of Georgian scientists.
The paper presents a material on the genetic diversity of industrial tea plantations growing the subtropics of Russia. Cultivars-populations of Bakhtadze K. E. were widely spread in tea farms, and the main tea cultivars-populations were evaluated. It is noted that the Chinese variety occupies the main place among tea plantations in the Russian humid subtropics, and the cultivar-population ‘Kimyn’, thanks to its high yield and frost resistance, has a special preference among tea-growers and has already given rise to many well-known cultivars such as ‘Matsestinsky’ and ‘Karatum’. Despite the merits of the tea cultivars-populations, they can not compete with varietal plantations, which differ in the homogeneity of biological and economic characteristics. The cultivars of Tuov M. T. breeding and perspective mutant forms of Georgian scientists are recommended in order to lay high-quality varietal tea plantations.