Subtropical and ornamental horticulture
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CULTIVARS OF DOMESTIC PLUM FOR OPTIMIZING SOUTHERN ASSORTMENT

Year:
2018
The authors:
Zaremuk R. S.
DOI:
10.31360/2225-3068-2018-66-34-40
Page numbers:
34 - 40
Keywords:
plum, cultivar, breeding, adaptability, productivity, fruit quality

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The paper presents some cultivars of domestic plum belonging to domestic breeding; they were created in unstable and stressful environment and are characterized by high adaptive and productive potential. The cultivars of local breeding ‘Prikubanskaya’, ‘Krasnodarskaya’, ‘Milena’, ‘Podruga’, ‘Gertsog’, ‘Krasotka’ and ‘Charodeika’ differ from a number of introduced and standard cultivars by the main economic characteristics such as: drought and winter resistance, resistance to major diseases, productivity (early fertility, fruiting period, yield) and fruit quality (weight and size of fruit, biochemical composition, tasting evaluation). There is a full characteristics of the new cultivars of domestic plum belonging to domestic breeding; they were transferred to the State Cultivar Testing and included to the State Register of Breeding Achievements for wide industrial use in the North Caucasus. The presented cultivars of domestic plum are recommended with the aim to optimize modern assortment and for further breeding work as sources of valuable traits.
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ISSN 2225-3068

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